Cyber Crime

In the present day world, India has witnessed a huge increase in Cyber-Crimes whether they pertain to Trojan attacks, salami attacks, e-mail bombing, DOS attacks, information theft, or the most common offence of hacking the data or system to commit crime. Despite technological measures being adopted by corporate organizations and individuals, we have witnessed that the frequency of Cyber-Crimes has increased over the last decade. Cyber-crime refers to the act of performing a criminal act using computer or cyberspace (the Internet network), as the communication vehicle. Though there is no technical definition by any statutory body for Cyber-crime, it is broadly defined by the Computer Crime Research Center as – “Crimes committed on the internet using the computer either as a tool or a targeted victim.”  All types of Cyber-Crimes involve both the computer and the person behind it as victims; it just depends on which of the two is the main target. Cyber-crime could include anything as simple as downloading illegal music files to stealing millions of dollars from online bank accounts. Cyber-crime could also include non-monetary offenses, such as creating and distributing small or large programs written by programmers called viruses on other computers or posting confidential business information on the Internet. An important form of cyber-crime is identity theft, in which criminals use the Internet to steal personal information from other users. Various types of social networking sites are used for this purpose to find the identity of interested peoples.  There are two ways this is done – phishing and harming, both methods lure users to fake websites, where they are asked to enter personal information. This includes login information, such as usernames and passwords, phone numbers, addresses, credit card numbers, bank account numbers, and other information criminals can use to “steal” another person’s identity.